Writing Information Security Management System (ISMS) policies as part of ISO 27001 compliance is a structured process. While there isn’t a rigid order mandated by the standard, there is a logical sequence that you can follow to ensure that each policy is built on a solid foundation and aligns with the requirements of ISO 27001. Here’s a suggested order for developing your ISMS policies:
- Context and Scope Definition: Before drafting any policy, define the context and scope of your ISMS. This involves understanding the internal and external issues that can impact your information security and identifying the boundaries and applicability of the ISMS.
- Information Security Policy: This is the overarching policy that sets the tone for your ISMS. It should articulate the organization’s commitment to information security, including objectives and principles that guide the rest of your policies.
- Risk Assessment and Treatment Policy: Develop a policy that outlines how your organization will approach risk assessment and treatment. This is crucial for identifying, analyzing, and planning how to deal with risks to your information security.
- Access Control Policy: Establish rules for how access to information and systems is granted, reviewed, and revoked. This is a key policy for protecting sensitive data and systems.
- Operational Security Policies: These may include policies on system acquisition, development and maintenance, protection against malware, backup, logging and monitoring, and control of operational software.
- Human Resources Security Policy: Policies related to hiring, training, managing, and terminating employees in a way that minimizes risk to information security.
- Physical and Environmental Security Policy: Policies to protect physical access to information assets and resources, as well as measures to protect against environmental risks.
- Communications Security Policy: Guidelines for protecting information in networks and its supporting information processing facilities.
- Privacy and Protection of Personally Identifiable Information: If your organization handles personal data, this policy is crucial for compliance with privacy laws and regulations.
- Incident Management Policy: Policies for how information security incidents are reported, managed, and resolved.
- Business Continuity Management Policy: Ensure that in the event of an adverse incident, your operations can continue or be restored quickly.
- Compliance Policy: Policies to ensure that your organization adheres to legal, regulatory, and contractual obligations regarding information security.
- Supplier Relationships Policy: This policy should address how to manage the information security aspects of relationships with suppliers and third parties. This includes contract terms, monitoring of suppliers’ compliance with information security requirements, and managing changes to the service provided.
- Information Transfer Policy: Guidelines on securing information during transfer, both within and outside the organization. This includes transfer via email, post, physical media, and electronic communications.
- Cryptography Policy: Establish guidelines on the use of cryptographic controls for protecting the confidentiality, integrity, and authenticity of information.
- Asset Management Policy: Define how information assets are identified, classified, handled, and disposed of. This includes both physical and digital assets.
- User Security Awareness and Training Policy: A policy to ensure that all employees, contractors, and third-party users are aware of the information security threats they might encounter and are equipped to support organizational security policies in the course of their work.
- Privacy and Data Protection Policy: Particularly relevant for organizations handling significant amounts of personal data, this policy should align with relevant data protection laws and regulations, such as GDPR in the European Union.
- Information Security in Project Management: Policies and practices ensuring that information security is integrated into project management, regardless of the type of the project.
- Remote Working and Telecommuting Policy: With the rise of remote work, guidelines for securing information when working outside of the organization’s primary facilities are essential.
- Change Management Policy: Procedures for managing changes to IT systems, applications, and services to prevent unintended disruptions to service and security vulnerabilities.
- Environmental and Physical Resource Security Policy: Beyond just physical access control, this policy should address broader environmental controls like fire suppression, climate control, and protection from natural disasters.
- Record Retention and Disposal Policy: Guidelines for how long different types of records and data should be retained and the procedures for their secure disposal.
- Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) Policy: Guidelines to ensure that intellectual property rights are respected and that the organization complies with relevant laws and agreements.
Remember, each policy should be tailored to your organization’s specific needs, risks, and culture. That’s why ISMS Policy Generator exists.
After drafting these policies, it’s important to review them regularly and update them as necessary to ensure ongoing compliance and relevance.